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Atheism VS Agnosticism

Today’s subject is Atheism vs Agnosticism. You’ve guessed it, wright. It’s about god. Or, about the existence of God. Or… You know what, stick around and help me found the answer to this controversial topic.


Atheism is, in his broadest sense, disbelief or denial of the existence of gods. We distinguish his two basic forms, negative atheism and positive atheism.

Negative Atheism

Negative atheism is the absence of belief in God or gods caused by an absolute lack of references to the term God, or by the behavior of an individual who lives and acts as if there are no gods(practical atheism).

Positive Atheism

Positive or theoretical atheism, in the rational sense, is the conscious denial of the existence of a theistic god, and in a broader sense, it implies a denial of all the conceptions of gods.

The opposite view of atheism is theism, which is a belief in God who creates and manages the world but exists outside from it.

History of Atheism

The term is often applied to those with an absence of faith in the gods that other people worship. This was the case with Anaksagor, who felt that it was more likely that the Sun is a stone god. Approximately at the same time, Buda thought that the inexistence of all things was incompatible with the abiding, unchangeable nature attributed to the gods.

Socrates was accused of not believing in the gods (considered to be a biomonteist). Pantheists were often assigned to the same group with the atheist-minded “strangeness” because of their view of the divine.
On the other hand, there is a long tradition of those who believed that religion is nothing more than superstition.

This tradition stretches from Heraclitus Kenenofan, through Mésliera, Marx, and Freud, who says that the source of religion can be found in a group neurosis.

Meslier expressed his view that religion is nothing more than a mean of controlling the masses, and a similar idea is implicitly present in Marxist theory. An atheistic standpoint is also present in a stream of voluntaristic and existentialistic philosophy that goes from Schopenhauer and leads through Sartre and Nietzsche.


The term agnostic is derived from the Greek language and is made of: α, which means in translation – without and γνωσις, which means – knowledge, which in literal translation means “without knowledge”.
It relates to the theological and philosophical teachings that date from the 19th century and owns its promotion to the English thinker (biologist, more precisely comparative anatomist) Thomas Henri Huxley.

Huxley is also known as the fiery supporter of Darwin’s theory of evolution, and the term agnostic was first publicly mentioned in 1869 for the explanation of his stance on theology.

Atheism VS Agnosticism

In addition to Huxley, the prominent representatives of this philosophical direction were the famous naturalist Charles Darwin and the French philosopher Bertrand Russell.

Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God and the existence of spiritual phenomena cannot be empirically proven. This notion is often confused with the religious direction, the opposite of the religious movement of Gnosticism, represented in ancient Greece.
In philosophy, agnosticism is the direction ie. learning about the impossibility of an objective view of reality.

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Many thinkers view agnosticism as the more intellectual form of atheism. Namely, atheism implies the realization that God does not exist. On the contrary, the theists claim that God exists. Agnostics, between these extremes, are neutrally considered to be simplified that man can not actually know whether God exists or not, because his existence can not be proven in an empirical sense.

The most famous and most readable religious text in the world, the Bible, preaches that the fact that God exists is the very essence of the Christian faith itself – God is all around us – in nature and in our hearts, that is, God is infinite and it is not to be expected that a limited human being can understand “The ways of the Lord.”

In one of the epistles to the Romans, it says: “We must have faith in God and trust in His ways by faith. God is ready to reveal himself in miraculous ways to those who believe in Him.

Agnosticism types

  • “Strong agnosticism” – which implies the realization that it is impossible to know whether there is a God and other spiritual phenomena, or that this knowledge is denied to people;
  • “Weak Agnosticism” – the idea that in principle it can be found out whether God exists, although this is not known at the moment;
  • “Apathetic agnosticism” (ignosticism, apatheism) essentially has the perception that this question is irrelevant because it is of no practical significance.
  • “Model Agnosticism”, which argues that it can not be said with certainty whether God exists, or not

For agnostics, each individual develops the rules of behavior governed by, using, of course, other people’s experiences, seeking for the models and the wisdom of others. Agnostics are against the persecutions of untruths and moral condemnation of other people.

They acknowledge that there are types of behavior that are desirable, as well as behavioral models that are not desirable, but they believe that punishing unwanted behavior is not allowed only because of the belief that good.

Atheism vs Agnosticism conclusion

Just to wrap it up.

Atheism is a state of not having Theistical beliefs. They say God does not exist.
Agnosticism is a philosophical and theological belief that spiritual truth, such as the existence of God, gods or deities, is unknown or impossible to determine

I will post some videos below, as well as a book from Amazon that will help you more in finding your answer.

Why There Is No God: Simple Responses to 20 Common Arguments for the Existence of God

Agnosticism book
buy agnostic book from amazon

Read some of the reviews:

Amazon Customer:
Simple, straightforward book with arguments I’ve already heard dozens of times. Good starting point for folks ” on the fence”. I browsed the 1 star reviews for this book and couldn’t hold my laughter. Some of the low-balling reviewers and commenters seem to think that if you don’t believe in Christianity, you’re being rebellious. Hilarious. When I was a child, my parents introduced me to Christianity and the usual ” Sunday school ” nonsense while also providing me with all the science and nature books I wanted. Religion wasn’t forced on me and I was free to come to my own conclusions. 

I grew up with a strong sense of the existence of the Christian God and I became a devout evangelical Christian. In my early 20’s I decided to become a minister of religion with the Baptist Church. I completed 5 years of theological training and I served as a minister for some 17 years. The majority of my time was spent working as both a hospital chaplain and as a clinical counsellor ( for which I received qualifications).

Rodney A. Norman:
As a child I did not grow up in a religious household. My parents both grew up in fanatical religious households that went to church every day and did not want to do that to their children so we did not go at all.

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